I read a lot of very good books in 2016. The ones that I found to be especially noteworthy/interesting/inspiring are these:

The Republic of Imagination, by Azar Nafisi
Not a Place on Any Map, by Alexis Paige
The Needle’s Eye, by Fanny Howe
Mortal Trash, by Kim Addonizio
Consciousness and the Brain, by Stanislas Dehaene
Suicide Blonde, by Darcy Steinke
M Train, by Patti Smith
Pieces of a Song, by Diane Di Prima
Misgivings, by C. K. Williams
The Argonauts, by Maggie Nelson
When the Sick Rule the World, by Dodie Bellamy
Rolling Thunder Logbook, by Sam Shephard
Hidden Figures, by Margot Lee Shetterly
When Strangers Meet, by Kio Stark
Phaedra, by Jean Racine (tr by Richard Wilbur)
Bukowski in a Sundress, by Kim Addonizio
Summer of Hate, by Chris Kraus
Black Hole Blues and Other Songs from Outer Space, by Janna Levin
Rise of the Rocket Girls, by Nathalia Holt
Torpor, by Chris Kraus
How the Universe Got its Spots, by Janna Levin
Drawing Blood, by Molly Crabapple
Hunger Makes Me a Modern Girl, by Carrie Brownstein
Aliens and Anorexia, by Chris Kraus
King Kong Theory, by Virginie Despentes
Play Dead, by Francine J. Harris
Gilliamesque, by Terry Gilliam
Girl in a Band, by Kim Gordon
Shallcross, by C. D. Wright
Burial Rites, by Hannah Kent
Independent People, by Halldor Laxness
Vertigo, by Joanna Walsh
Ice, by Anna Kavan
Come As You Are, by Emily Nagoski
2666, by Roberto Bolano
Eve’s Hollywood, by Eve Babitz
Gun, With Occasional Music, by Jonathan Lethem